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The quarry in Stenhamra, Sweden

Large pond-from flickr

A pond is a body of standing water, either natural or man-made, that is usually smaller than a lake. They may arise naturally in floodplains as part of a river system, or they may be somewhat isolated depressions (examples include vernal pools and prairie potholes). Usually they contain shallow water with marsh and aquatic plants and animals. A few animals also make ponds, including both alligators and beavers. The type of life in a pond is generally determined by a combination of factors including water level regime (particularly depth and duration of flooding) and nutrient levels, but other factors may also be important, including presence or absence of shading by trees, presence or absence of streams, effects of grazing animals, and salinity.

Humans also make ponds. A wide variety of man-made bodies of water are classified as ponds. Some ponds are created specifically for habitat restoration, including water treatment. Others, like water gardens, water features and koi ponds are designed for aesthetic ornamentation as landscape or architectural features. Fish ponds are designed for commercial fish breeding, and solar ponds designed to store thermal energy.

Standing bodies of water such as puddles, ponds, and lakes are often categorized separately from flowing water courses, such as a brook, creek, stream or river.

What native species of amphibians & reptiles can be found here?

This habitat is perfect for grass snakes common frogs and toads. And all 3 native newt species. Naterjack toads won't usually be found as they are only found near the coast in sand dunes and salt marshes but they may be found in pond in these places, however is is very rare to find one there. Common lizards may be found in the dry long grass that may surround the pong along with slow worms which may be found under rubbbish or logs surrounding the pong. Adders may be found basking around the pond if in a heath.